Giannakos S. Konstantinos
BLOD Web Lectures
BLOD Web Lectures, Τρωικός πόλεμος, Ιλιάδα, αρχαία ελληνική γραμματεία, έπος, αρχαιολογικά δεδομένα, αρχαιολογικά ευρήματα, Τροία
The Iliad, as poem, narrates fifty-one days of the tenth year of the ‘Trojan War’, since other texts of the ancient Greek Literature echo warlike operations against Troad, which allegedly occurred during an undisclosed period before the ‘Trojan War of the Iliad’.
The archaeologists consider the Epics as a tertiary source of information; can the archaeological data lead us to infer a conclusion about what happened at that distant time?
This presentation is based on the archaeological findings dated at the period 15th-13th century BC, which were unearthed in the regions of the Aegean Sea, Cyprus, Asia Minor and the Levant. These findings are analyzed and examined critically. Furthermore, the texts of the Land of Ḫatti and of the Egyptian records are related to the texts of the Linear B tablets from Greece, because combined they could lead us to determine the level and the period of Mycenaean power and influence abroad, but also the period of its decline. Moreover, findings from the destruction layers at Troy are examined, as they have been unearthed and evaluated by the Troy’s excavators (Schlieman, Dörpfeld, Blegen and Korfman), who merited the privilege to be the first (and unique in History, as it happens only once in every excavation, according to professor Christos Doumas), who came across the archaeological findings of the undisturbed yet layers in Troy. According to Blegen, since 1700 BC, Troy’s Wall-sections (especially the South Gate, the main entrance of the city) have been continuously constructed and/or redesigned, but it is only during the period ca. 1450-1390 BC, that all the preserved till today well-built Troy’s Wall-sections were constructed and/or reconstructed extensively, a fact which, combined with the “vigorous housecleaning”, points to external dangers e.g. siege and probable conquest at that era. On the contrary, by 1300 BC no extensive change of the Walls is attested; the structures of the newer two Towers VIi, VIh (12th century BC) were embodied inside the pre-existed mass of the Walls.
Do the Hittite archives refer an Atreid/Ἀτρείδη and an Agamemnon/Ἀγαμέμνονα, earlier than 1400 BC? Do the Egyptian records infer that, in the period between 1400 and 1377/1349 BC, pro-Achaean local rulers reigned in Troy? Did it happen that Troy was not destroyed completely but, as the Aeolian tradition narrates, the victorious Achaeans had enthroned a pro-Achaean dynasty in Troy (‘Aeneas’ and his successors) around 1400 BC? What image emerges from the archaeological finds in Cyprus, in the Levant and in the eastern Mediterranean in general?
KONSTANTINOS S. GIANNAKOS [Civil Engineer, dipl. NTUA, PhD AUTh, P.E., Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)], “is leader in railway engineering, with pioneering research on the ballast-sleeper fastening system” (extract from ASCE-news Nov. 2012).
With more than 20 years of research involving laboratory tests, on-site investigations and theoretical analyses, he has developed theoretical approaches for: (a) calculating the actions on railway track, both ballasted and slab-track, and its subsequent deflections, (b) determining the track-mass participating in the motion of the Non-Suspended Masses of railway vehicles, and (c) predicting the ballast fouling for certain types of concrete-sleepers. All his theoretical approaches have been verified by observations and measurements in railway tracks in operation. He has numerous publications in scientific journals and conference proceedings; he has served on a number of European Union committees, and in 1999-2001, as representative of Greece, he participated in the composition of European Union’s Technical Specifications of Rail Infrastructure for High-Speed Lines and signed the official text.
From 1998 to 2002 he was the general coordinator of the group within the International Union of Railways/UIC concerned with High-Speed rail in southeastern Europe, and from 2002 to 2006 he was the chief executive officer and vice-president (2002-2003) and president (2003-2004) of the Hellenic Railways Organization/OSE (the period of the Olympic Games in Athens included). He was visiting/adjunct professor of railway engineering at University of Thessaly, Civil Engineering Dpt., Volos in Greece during the period of 2007-2014. In addition, since 2002, he has been teaching in the graduate courses of transportation engineering, at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki/AUTh and he has been consultant in different Greek and international technical companies, since 2006.
He also serves on Transportation Research Board/TRB (TRB is a Member of the National Academies of the USA) Committees AR050 & AR060 dealing with the design and maintenance of railways. He has been selected twice outstanding reviewer of the Journal of Transportation Engineering of ASCE, for the years 2011 and 2012. He is Member of Editorial Boards and Scientific Committees of several Journals and Conferences of his domain; as guest editor of the International Journal of Pavement Engineering/IJPE, published the special issue on the Infrastructure of High Speed Railways, which appeared on 2010. In the Field of Civil Engineering, he has published: (a) more than one hundred articles (105), in scientific Journals and Conferences’ Proceedings after peer-reviews, (b) eight books and (c) he has contributed Chapters in four more books.
His scholarly interests also include archaeology of the second millennium BC and the technology used in ancient Greece, and he is Secretary General of the Association for the Research of Ancient-Greek and Byzantine Technology/EΔΑΒυΤ, and Member of the European Association of Archaeologists /EAA and the AIGEYS Society of Prehistoric Aegean. Seven (7) archaeological articles of his have been published in archaeological Journals (TAΛANTA) and Conferences (in their proceedings), after peer-reviews. His book “Aegean Type Sword and Finds at Hattusa – Technology, Sources and dating of Trojan War” was published in English on 2012, by the Lambert Academic Publishing Company, in Germany. The Greek (extended) version of this book “Τεχνολογία, Πηγές και Χρονολόγηση του Τρωικού Πολέμου”/“Technology, Sources and the Dating of Trojan War” was published on 2016 by the Papazisis publishing company.
His articles can be downloaded from http://giannakoskonstantinos.com/wp, Academia, Mendeley and Researchgate.
BIBLIOGRAPHY USED in the PRESENTATION
Note 1: The five (5) articles of the author which are mentioned in the “Prolegomena” of the presentation are: (a) the numbers 41 and 43, been accepted and published in Archaeological Journals and (b) the numbers 37, 38 and 42, been accepted and published in proceedings of Archaeological Conferences.
Note 2: A new book was published recently (2020), but it reached the author’s hands after the videotaping of this presentation. It seems to support a LHIIIA2 (or a pre-1300 BC as terminus-ante-quem) dating for the destruction of the Knossos Palace, despite the ongoing discussions on the subject, which are also presented [cf. also, Driessen/Langhor (2007, 179-180): “the new generation of archaeologists accept Popham’s date, e.g. Hatzaki or at the latest by LM IIIA2 (1375-1300 BC) when ‘the power-center at Crete was transferred at Kydonia/Khania’”]; see p. 1031-1032, of:
• Hatzaki, H./Kotsonas, A. 2020. Knossos and North Central Crete, in Lemos, I.S./A. Kotsonas, (eds), A Companion to the Archaeology of Early Greece and the Mediterranean, Wiley-Blackwell, Medford, MA, USA, 1029-1053.
• Driessen, J./Langohr, C. 2007. Rallying Round a ‘Minoan’ Past: Legitimation of Power at Knossos During the Late Bronze Age, in: Galaty/Parkinson 2007, 178-189.
• Galaty, M.L./W.A. Parkinson, (eds.) 2007: Rethinking Mycenaean Palaces II: Revised and Expanded Second Edition (series: Monograph / Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles; 60), Los Angeles, CA.
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38. Giannakos, K. 2015: The Aegean type Sword found at Ḫattuša and the Written Sources about the Exchange of Technology at the Late Bronze Age, in: Stampolides, N./C. Maner/K. Kopanias (eds.), NOSTOI, Indigenous Culture, Migration and Integration in the Aegean Islands and Western Anatolia during the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Istanbul 31/3 – 3/4 2011, Istanbul, 969-986. The interested readers can find it at the link: https://www.academia.edu/14567976/ and its Greek translation at the link: https://www.academia.edu/44180100/.
39. Giannakos/Γιαννακός, Κ. 2016*: Τεχνολογία, Μαρτυρίες και Χρονολόγηση του Τρωικού Πολέμου - Μυκηναϊκά Ευρήματα σε Χαττούσα, Μικρά Ασία, Αίγυπτο, Κύπρο, Λεβάντε (= Technology, Evidence and Dating of Trojan War – Mycenaean Findings in Ḫattuša, Asia Minor, Egypt, Cyprus, Levant), Αθήνα/Athens. [Greek edition of Giannakos 2012].
40. Giannakos, K. 2012. Aegean Type Sword and Finds at Ḫattuša – Technology, Sources and Dating of Trojan War, Saarbrücken (a translated and extended version was published in Greek, see Giannakos/Γιαννακός 2016*).
41. Giannakos, K. 2016: Cutting-Edge Technology and Know-how of Minoans/Mycenaeans during LBA and Possible Implications for the Dating of the Trojan War, TΑΛΑΝΤΑ, 46-47 (2014-2015), Proceedings of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society, 51-79. Also published in Greek on the website of the author. The interested readers can find the article at the link: https://www.academia.edu/27566172/ and the article’s Greek translation at the link: https://www.academia.edu/44180070/.
42. Giannakos, K./Γιαννακός, Κ. 2019a. Οι Ομηρικοί Αχιλλέας και Τήλεφος, Ο Χετταίος βασιλιάς Τελέπενου, qe-re-qo-ta-o και a-ki-re-u της Γραμμικής Β, σε σύγκριση με τη γλωσσολογική χρονολόγηση στίχων της Ιλιάδας/Homeric Achilles and Telephus, Hittite King Telepenu, Linear B’s qe-re-qo-ta-o and a-ki-re-u Compared to a Linguistic Dating of Iliad’s Verses, in 2nd Intl. Scientific Conference at Farsala, Greece (7-9 February 2019), proceedings, Noula Vasiliki (ed.), Homeric Achilles: Diachronic Reflections in the Art and Literature, published by Municipality of Farsala and Ephorate of Antiquities at Larisa, ISBN: 978-960-86196-7-8. The interested readers can find the article at the link: https://www.academia.edu/40817454/; there is no Greek translation.
43. Giannakos K. 2019b. Evidence from Aegean, Cyprus, Egypt, Levant, Asia Minor and Possible Dating of Trojan War (Part II), TΑΛΑΝΤΑ vol. LI (51), 2019, Stronk J.P./M.D. de Weerd (Eds.), Proceedings of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society, 9-75. The interested readers can find it at the link: https://www.academia.edu/41680418 and its Greek translation at the link: https://www.academia.edu/41680485.
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109. Ανάγλυφο από Herculaneum, Napoli, National Archaeological Museum 6591, see Wikipedia.
110. Βιβλίο Ιστορίας Γ Δημοτικού Σχολείου/book of History, in the C class of elementary schools in Greece.
111. Η ΚΑΘΗΜΕΡΙΝΗ, 3-6-2018
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114. Ιστότοπος/website, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolian_dodecapolis.
115. Ιστότοπος/website, http://www.ancient.eu/image/168.
116. Ιστότοπος/website, TLG = Thesaurus Linguae Graecae <https:/www.stephanus.tlg.uct.edu>, A digital library of Greek literature, University of California, Irvine, CA (Brumet, Th./M. Pantelia, eds.), for all the texts of ancient Greek Literature.
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118. Πινακίδες από το Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Μυκηνών/Faience-plaques from Archaeological Museum of Mycenae.
119. Πινακίδες Αρχαιολογικού Χώρου Τροίας/Plates from the archaeological site of Troy.
120. Προτομή Ομήρου από Πνευματικό Κέντρο Χίου/Bust of Homer, Homeric Spiritual Center, in the Municipality of Chios.